Onglets principaux

Frédéric JIGUET

Coordonnées : email : fjiguet@mnhn.fr tel.: 0140793080 postal address: Centre d'Ecologie et des Sciences de la Conservation UMR7204 Sorbonne Universités-MNHN-CNRS-UPMC CP 51, 55 Rue Buffon 75005 Paris, FRANCE

Équipe(s) : Chercheurs SES

Statut professionnel : Directeur CRBPO

  • oiseau
  • migration

Recherche fondamentale et appliquée.

Thèmes de recherche

After a PhD on the conservation biology of the little bustard in agricultural plains of western France, I arrived in 2000 at the CRBPO to re-start the national breeding bird survey (named ’STOC’). Associated research topics clearly consider species fate and community dynamics, within a framework of conservation biology in the face of climate and land use changes. We develop various metrics on community composition (habitat and thermal specialization, trophic level) and study different facets of diversity (taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional).

The Breeding Bird Survey is based on point counts distributed within randomly sampled squares. This scheme constitutes a real national reference network on the status and fate of common breeding birds. The spatial and temporal extends of the survey allow to study large-scale and long-term variation in species abundance, species richness, local extinction and turnover rates, and to estimate the impacts of changes in climate or habitat composition and structure (fragmentation, intensification).

1) Common species, bird communities and global change

The long temporal dataset collected by the BBS is used to estimate the trend in abundance of 175 common breeding birds. Many of them are declining, especially habitat and climate specialists. Combining species indices into indicators allows studying the global trends of species sharing ecological characters, such as species specialized in one habitat type (farmland, woodland, urban...). These indicators are well recognized biodiversity indicators at the EU level (see Gregory et al. 2007, 2009). The BBS counts also provide descriptions of local bird community, which can be further compared across spatial and temporal sampling scales, also featuring various biological metrics such as taxonomic (species richness), phylogenetic and functional diversity (see Devictor et al. 2010 Ecol Lett). These dataset are also of value to model the phenology of contacts during the breeding season, and the potential temporal shifts according to climatic conditions, to tackle the role of long-term trend and/or yearly adjustment to climate of breeding timing in driving species fate.

By using spatial interpolation methods, modelling the spatial autocorrelation existing within the data, we produce national maps of relative abundance, which is a real dynamic atlas map. We are currently working on the potential to produce such maps at a multi-national level. The final output would be to be able to map the variations in the Farmland Bird Indicator. Using the same approach, we can model the spatial variations in species richness (obtained using capture-recapture fameworks), phylogenetic or functional diversity, and study how these biological metrics vary in space and time according to pressures of global changes.

Understanding the variations in species abundance, community structure and dynamics (turnover, local extinction rates) is necessary to the further development of biodiversity scenarios.

All results of the French BBS are available athttp://www2.mnhn.fr/vigie-nature/sp...

2) Rare species conservation

Part of my researches is dedicated to rare and/or endangered species, to the development of models providing useful conservation tools, or to field work using technologies to better understand the temporal use of space. Most projects relate to:

  • gap analysis, reserve planning, management
  • extinction risk of endemic island seabirds facing environmental stochasticity (demographic models) (monteiro’s storm-petrel, macgillivray’s prion)
  • migration strategy, habitat selection, winter distribution of migratory birds; satellite tracking (little bittern, little bustard, black stork, short-toed and booted eagles); radio-tracking (aquatic warbler, reed parrotbill); geolocators (ortolan bunting); niche modelling (Brazilian birds); ringing (aquatic warbler, skylark).

3) Biodiversity scenarios

To estimate the potential impacts of global change on the breeding or winter ranges of European birds, we use species distribution models and various climatic and land use scenarios (from IPCC 2007) in ensemble forecast frameworks - to account for uncertainties in climate predictions and modelling tools. By modelling the current distribution, and projecting it under future predicted environmental conditions, we obtain potential future distributions, to be compared to current predicted ones. This approach has been widely used, and current challenges are to integrate dispersal and population dynamics within distribution models, to consider various trophic levels or interacting species and to upscale predictions at the community level.

I also work with agronomists, economists and mathematicians to develop biodiversity scenarios, using results from the BBS (eg response of species abundance or bird community trophic level to agriculture / forestry practices, landscape fragmentation...) and predictions from species distribution models under climate and land use scenarios. Such biodiversity scenarios are therefater to be considered under economic viability constraints. These researches are supported by an ANR (Systerra, FarmBird) and a FRB Scenarios project (Mobilis).



Description

Publication(s)

Voir toutes les publications

Enseignement et pédagogie

Enseignement et pédagogie

Encadrement étudiants

Supervised and co-supervised PhDs:

1) Vincent DEVICTOR (2003-2007), (funded by the Ministry of Research), co-direction with Romain Julliard.

2) Louis de REDON (2004-2007), Biodiversity of roadsides and associated management (funded by Ministry of Equipment, Ecology and Sustainable Development), co-direction with Nathalie Machon

3) Yves BAS (2005-2009) Measuring the impacts of agricultural and forestry practices on biodiversity, (ENS Lyon)

4) Jean-Pierre MOUSSUS (2007-2010), Mechanisms of reorganization of bird communities facing climate change (ENS Cachan), co-direction with Romain Julliard

5) Morgane BARBET-MASSIN (2008-2011), Predicting the impacts of climate and land use changes on bird distributions (ENS Ulm). Defended 28 June 2011

6) Anthony BOULORD (2008-2011), Conservation biology of the Reed Parrotbill on Chongming island, China (funded by the East China Normal University, Shanghai), co-direction with Prof. Wang TIAN-HOU

7) Karine PRINCE (2009-2012), Predicting future farmland bird abundance and indicators under scenarios of agricultural changes (funded by Ministry of Research)

8) Lauriane MOUYSSET (2009-2012), Bio economic modeling for a sustainable management of biodiversity and agriculture (ANR Systerra), co-direction with Luc Doyen (UMR7204)

9) Nivia LUZURIAGA (2009-2012), Monitoring sealife and landbirds in the Galapagos islands (funded by the Ecuador government), co-direction with Pierre-Yves Henry (MNHN), collaboration with the Charles Darwin Fundation (Galapagos)

10) Aliénor JELIAZKOV (2010-2013), Scale-dependant effects of agricultural practices on biodiversity in the Seine basin, funded by CNRS to the FIRE, co-directed with François Chiron and Josette Garnier

11) Jonathan ROLLAND (2011-2014). Studying diversification in birds and mammals using phylogenies. Funded by Chaire X-MNHN, co-directed with Hélène Morlon (Ecole Polytechnique)

12) Anne-Christine MONNET (2011-2014), Predicting the impacts of climate change on Houbara and MacQueen’s Bustards in the context of reinforcement programs. Funded by the Emirates Center for Wildlife Propagation, co-directed with Yves Hingrat (scientific director of ECWP).

13) Leyli Borner (2012-2015), Estimating the collision risk and mortality of birds along electric powerlines. Funded by RTE (Réseau de Transport d’Electricité), co-directed with Olivier Duriez (CEFE)

14) Camille Dross (2013-2016) Agro-ecosystem services and biodiversity in the French farm. Co-directed with Muriel Tichit (INRA)

15) Manon Ghislain (2013-2016). Analysing and downscaling demographic rates from ringing constant effort sites. Co-directed with Pierre-Yves Henry (MNHN)

16) Simon Rolland (2014-2017). Impacts of global change on the migration strategy of passerine birds: insights from citizen science. Funded by Region Ile-de-France (PICRI). Co-directed with Yvan Tariel (LPO).

17) Pauline Pierret (2014-2017). Spatio-temporal trends in granivorous birds at garden feeders facing adjacent agriculture. Funded by Region Ile-de-France (DIM Astrea), co-directed with Benoit Fontaine (MNHN)

Supervised post-docs:

1) Prof. Miguel Angelo MARINI (7 months, 2008), Modelling the distributions of rare or endemic birds across Brazil and its reserve networks (funded by the Brazilian Ministry of Research)

2) Aggeliki DOXA (8 months, Apr2009-Feb2010), High Nature Value Farmland and birds (funded by the JRC of the European Commission, Ispra, Italy)

3) Ondine FILIPPI-CODACCIONI (1 year, Apr2009-Mar2010), Analysing 28 years of migration counts in the Pyrenees (funded by LPO Aquitaine)

4) François CHIRON (6 months, April-Sept 2011), Predicting EU Farmland Bird Index under CAPRI agriculture scenarios (funded by the JRC of the European Commission, Ispra, Italy)

5) Vincent PELLISSIER (6 months, April-Sept 2011), Evaluating the effects of Natura2000 on common breeding birds, funded by Ministry of Ecology, co-supervised with Romain Julliard (MNHN) and Julien Tourroult (SPN, MNHN)

6) Romain Lorrillière (12 months, Sept 2013-Aug 2014), Modelling dispersion to explain population dynamics of farmland birds facing agriculture changes. Funded by MOBILIS (FRB) co-directed with Luc Doyen (CNRS)

7) Caroline MOUSSY (18 months, Sept 2014-Marc 2016), Phylogeography of the migration of the Ortolan Bunting, funded by Labex BCDiv (CNRS-MNHN).

8) Karine PRINCE (to start Jan 2015, for 18 months). Modelling ecosystem services’ links to biodiversity in the European farm. Funded by ANR Trustee.

Autres missions

Diffusion de la connaissance

Gestion des collections

Expertise

Divers

 
 
 

Contact

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