Research project

Research issues

  • Research in ecology and conservation biology

- Construction of biodiversity scenarios that integrate stochastic processes in small populations, combining demographic and genetic effects, fragmented populations, and interaction with adaptive processes.

- Modelling of complex systems, involving ecological and social processes. The construction of these scenarios is based on data coming from citizen-science programs, for birds (CRBPO platform) and other taxonomic groups (platform Vigie-Nature), coupled with international databases (GBIF).

- Study of the links between the dynamics of biodiversity and social dynamics through interdisciplinary projects linking ecology and political science, management science, and conservation psychology

  • Participate in the acquisition of knowledge and develop scientific culture through citizen-science

Vigie-Nature programs allow to characterize the state and dynamics of biodiversity, i.e. the ecological component of socio-ecosystems of interest to different stakeholders in biodiversity.

- Analysis of Vigie-Nature data: we participate in the development and improvement of metrics to assess biodiversity indicators as an alternative to "informational indigence" prevailing in biodiversity, improving its metrology.

- Psycho-social approaches: we also study the social implications of the implementation of citizen science, the consequences of the acquisition of knowledge on the relationship to biodiversity of different public, social issues related to protected and ordinary nature, the decision-making and stakeholders strategies that link (or not) biodiversity

  • Prepare direct responses to social, economic and cultural issues

The laboratory is open to civil society. Some of our projects are built in partnership with political and economic actors. We propose to the socio-economic actors to redefine their questions into research questions, to increase knowledge while providing answers. We work regularly with local authorities (general councils, cities, Region Ile-de-France) and other actors of civil society (Biosphere Reserves, associations) as well as private sector companies or consultants

A major goal is to complement and diversify the recipients of our work and the lessons that can be learned in conservation science: scientific communities (national and international disciplines), socio-economic actors, French and foreign governments, companies... .- and in various ways - traditional media (national TV and radio, national newspapers of general circulation), new media (social networks, TVs and digital radios), participatory science programs.

 
The laboratory is structured into two teams.
 

Team 'Ecological Bases of Conservation'

 
Its overall objective is to understand the ecological and evolutionary responses of biodiversity to global change, to optimize its management and conservation. The originality of the work, at the national or even international level, based on the use of large data sets for studying biodiversity responses to environmental change to ecological scales, spatial and temporal considered little else. Experimental approaches finer scale are not so far neglected (or even experimental sciences including participatory projects with Vigie-Nature).
 

Team ‘Social-Ecological Systems’

In the SES team, we develop research at the interface between conservation biology and different disciplines from social sciences, according to the specializations and interests of the researchers involved or associated with the team: political sciences, management sciences, conservation psychology and economy.
In addition to specific research projects, we organize weekly meetings, where we build a common culture based on science-society relations according to conservation.

 

Examples of research topics developed in SES

Urban Ecology

In urban areas, we aim to understand the ecology of animal and plant communities in response to biotic, abiotic and social constraints. We study the links between ecological dynamics (demography, dispersion), community structures and ecosystem services (regulation, recreation). The role of different urban infrastructures as habitats or ecological network is studied: green roofs and walls, planted tree bases, community gardens.

 

Individual and collective perceptions and practices of biodiversity

We assume that the conservation of biodiversity in highly anthropic environments cannot be sustained without the appropriation of conservation goals by individuals. Our project is to study the hypothesis of the nature-disconnect of citizens from conservation, and to study how individual practices of any kind of nature may enable them to better integrate biodiversity into their life choices. We also study the consequences of some dedicated activities (e.g. Vigie-Nature) on the relationship of citizens to biodiversity and social issues.

Policies andgovernance of biodiversity

We study how the sequence “Avoid-Reduce-offset” to better reconcile the major landscape management projects and the conservation of biodiversity. One of the research areas is the inclusion of uncertainty in this evaluation: uncertainty about the measure of biodiversity, but also on the offset effectiveness. This project is at the interface with the projects of the BEC team.
At a finer scale, we study how local governance take account/or not/ of biodiversity together with other social or economic objectives. For this, we meet ecological, anthropological and management sciences.

Ecosystem services and biodiversity scenarios

We study the relationships between biodiversity and society by the concept of ecosystem services. In collaboration with the BEC team, we consider this issue  as a two-way relationship between the functions provided by ecosystems and the needs or demands of human societies.
Ecosystem services are also an input for modeling the dynamics of social-ecological systems.

 
 
 

Contact

MNHN - CESCO
 43 rue Buffon
75005 Paris

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